Skin Types

Skin Types

Knowing your skin type is the first step in creating the perfect skincare regimen for your individual skincare needs.  There are five types of skin: normal, oily, dry, combination, and sensitive.  Each contains very specific characteristics that will help you identify which skin type best applies to you.  Microdermabrasion should be performed only once in 24 hours regardless of skin type.

Normal skin:

Normal skin is the least problematic and requires the least amount of care.  The skin is naturally radiant and healthy.  The pores are small, and the complexion is even and clear, rarely breaking out.  This type is said to be in balance because the skin neither flakes nor gets greasy.  At midday, the skin still looks fresh and clean.

Tips:

  • Cleanse with warm water.
  • Use a moisturizer that does not contain heavy oils and is not greasy.
  • Wear sunscreen everyday.
  • Avoid heavy makeup and use mineral foundation
  • Remove makeup as soon as you are in for the day, don't wait for bedtime.

Oily skin:

Oily skin can be difficult to control, but ages more gracefully than other skin types.  The skin feels nice and hydrated after washing.  But by midday, it is shiny and slick, especially across the forehead, nose, chin, and above the mouth.  The pores are large, and the skin’s texture is coarse.  This type of skin is also prone to acne and because the oil attracts dirt, the pores can become clogged.

Tips:

  • Use only oil-free, noncomedogenic, water or mineral based makeups.
  • Use a cleanser with salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide
  • Do not over-wash or over-scrub your face.  Three face washing a day is far superior to one overly aggressive wash.
  • Avoid rich creams which have heavy oils.
  • Experiment with both alcohol and alcohol-free toners to find the best one for you.
  • Use blotting paper during the day.
  • Also matte powder foundation or mineral makeups  are helpful in controlling excess oil.
  • Microdermabrasion should be performed once and only once in 24 hours. (True for all skin types)

Dry skin:

Dry skin is dry and flaky and prone to aging, fine lines, and wrinkles.  This skin type is always dehydrated and needs lots of moisture.  It never gets greasy and rarely breaks out.  The pores are tiny, and the skin’s texture is thin and papery.  In extreme cases of dry skin, the skin lacks elasticity and is extremely sensitive in harsh environments.  The skin feels tight after washing as if it is too small for the face.  By midday, dry, flaky patches have formed.  In people of color, dry skin often appear "ashy" or dull from dead skin buildup.

Tips:

  • Look for products with glycerin, shea butter, and with hyaluronic acid.
  • Avoid alcohol and gel products.
  • Use a rich, creamy cleanser.
  • Try using cold cream on face before wiping it away with cotton balls, instead of rinsing                with water.
  • Rinse skin with cool water.
  • Use night creams in the day if you can get a good enough make-up job over them.
  • use rich, creamy foundations.
Dry Skin Treatment

Combination skin:

Combination skin has as an oily T-zone (forehead, nose, chin, and above the mouth) with dry, flaky cheeks.  The pores are medium sized, and the skin’s texture is smooth and even.  Oily parts may have acne.  If acne is severe, see a dermatologist.  After washing, some areas feel dry and others are oily.  By midday, the T-zone is oily.  Most people have combination skin.

Tips:

  • Treat each area appropriately as described above.
  • May need two different cleansers;  A strong one for t-zone and a milder one for the cheeks. 
  • Another solution is to use a foaming cleanser in the mornings and a creamy cleanser at night.
  • Use a strong astringent for oily areas and a mild freshener for dry areas.
  • Use a moisturizer that is water based, concentrating on drier areas.
  • Treat eye areas with rich creams and moisturizes.
  • Use a foundation for oily skin.
Sensitive Skin

You can have sensitive skin and have one of the other skin types, making it the most problematic.  Sensitive skin or Extra-Sensitive skin is easily irritated and tends to be thin and delicate with fine pores.  It can become flushed because it is prone to broken capillaries.  The skin is also sensitive to the elements and develops allergic reactions to new products, making it itch and tingle.  This skin type can also have acne and become inflamed.  After washing, the skin feels dry and may burn or develop a rash.  By midday, it can flake and have redness.


Tips:

  • Use only fragrance-free, hypoallergenic, and allergy-tested products.
  • Spot test all new skincare products and makeups behind the ear for three nights    before using it on your entire face.
  • Use a mineral makeup.
Know Your Skin Types
Our skin plays a massive role in our appearance. One of the largest organs of the body, the human skin is quite transparent in that the way we care for it is clearly reflected in our appearance..
While a majority of the world’s population assumes that their skin falls within the category of ‘normal’ and requires little more than a good soap and moisturizer, we have to tell you that’s just not true.
There are a few different types of skin; each necessitating a different skincare regimen for proper face skin maintenance and upkeep. However, creating the perfect skincare routine first requires knowing your skin type, so that you may be able to choose products that best suit your individual skin needs.
The most popular way to determine your skin type is to remove your makeup and wash your face with a gentle face-wash and pat it dry. Wait one to two hours for your skin to return to its’ natural state and do the gentle tissue paper test where you take a piece of soft tissue paper and dab it across your entire face, paying close attention to your T-zone.  
•    Normal skin is not oily and it does not peel or flake either, but appears to be soft and smooth.
•    Oily Skin, when blotted with a tissue paper will always show greasy marks
•    Peeling, flaking and stretchy tightness is common for Dry Skin. This is the type that requires frequent moisturizing.
•    The most common skin type is Combination Skin which presents itself with a definitively greasy t-zone while the rest of the skin ranges from normal to dry.
In order to choose the skin care products and treatments best suited to you, you have to first decide and determine which category of skin you fall into.
So skin is categorized into five basic types:
•    Normal
•    Oily
•    Dry
•    Combination
•    Sensitive

Normal
The least problematic of all the various types, Normal skin requires the least amount of attention and care. Naturally healthy, and radiant, the pores are usually small, while the complexion remains even and breakout-free. This type is said to be in balance because it is neither known to flake, nor get greasy. At midday, the clear skin still looks fresh and clean.
Tips:
•    Cleanse with warm water
•    Wear sunscreen everyday
•    Choose an oil-free moisturizes for regular use
•    Avoid heavy makeup and the use of a mineral foundation
•    Remove makeup as soon as you are home for the day; don’t wait for bedtime
Oily
Characterized by grease, oily skin is known to be a tad bit difficult to control as compared to the others. While it feels nice and hydrated after washing, by midday, oily skin is usually slick and shiny, especially across the t-zone or the forehead, nose and chin. The pores are normally large, and the texture is generally coarse and acne-prone. Commonly seen in young people, oily skin is often caused due to overactive skin glands. The oiliness is exacerbated by hormones, heat and humidity, and even everyday stresses.
Tips:
•    Only use oil-free, non-comedogenic, water, or mineral based makeup products
•    Use a cleanser with salicyclic acid or benzoyl peroxide
•    Do not over wash or over-scrub your face. Washing your face three times a day is far superior to one overly aggressive wash.
•    Experiment with both alcohol and alcohol-free toners to select the one best suited to your needs
•    Use a blotting paper during the day
Dry
Often associated with a dull complexion, Dry skin feels taut, is flaky and significantly prone to early aging, fine lines, red patches, itchiness, cracking, peeling, and wrinkles. This skin type is almost always dehydrated and requires plenty of moisture. It rarely, if ever, gets greasy, or breaks out. The pores are tiny, and the texture is papery and thin. In rather extreme cases of dry skin, the skin significantly lacks elasticity and is extremely sensitive to harsh environment.
After washing, the skin feels tight, almost akin to being too small for the face. By midday, more than a few dry, flaky patches have formed. In people of color, dry skin often appears ‘ashy’ or seems dull from a residual dead skin buildup.
Tips:
•    Look for products with glycerin, shea butter, and with hyaluronic acid
•    Avoid alcohol and gel-based products
•    Use a rich, creamy cleanser
•    Try using a cold cream on the face before wiping it away with cotton balls, instead of rinsing with water
•    Always rinse the skin with cool water
•    Makeup-maestros can get away with using night creams in the day that provide long-term moisturizing that the dry skin needs during daytime hours.
Combination
The most common of all skin types, combination skin combines and exhibits the features of normal, oily, and dry skin types. Generally due to a genetic predisposition or hormonal imbalance, Combination skin usually features an oily T-zone that is the forehead, nose, above the mouth, and chin, with flaky and dry cheeks. The pores are medium sized, while the texture is usually even and smooth. After washing the oily areas feel nice and refreshed, while the dry ones feel taut and stretched. By midday, the T-zone is considerably oily, with grease coming off on a tissue paper. The oily parts are also known to be acne-prone –if the acne is uncontrollably severe, it’s recommended that you consult a dermatologist.
Tips:
•    It’s advisable to treat different areas of the skin, differently.
•    Use two different cleansers, a stronger one for the oily t-zone while a milder one should be used for the cheeks.
•    Use an astringent for the oily areas and a mild freshener for the dry areas.
•    Treat the eye areas with rich creams and moisturizers
•    Matte makeup, and foundations suited for oily skin are recommended
Sensitive
Sensitive skin can be in combination with any of the above mentioned skin types, making it the most difficult to control. Sensitive or Extra-Sensitive skin tends to be delicate and thin, with fine pores and is easily irritated. It tends to adversely react to the most common of things, ranging from medications, to detergents, skin care products, food substances, fabrics, and allergies. It can easily become flushed red because it is prone to broken capillaries. Similarly it can burn, itch, be inflamed and or even become excessively dry. After washing, sensitive skin types might feel the skin becoming dry, burning, or even taking on a rash like appearance. By midday, it can flake and have redness.
Tips:
•    Only use mineral-based makeup products
•    Use only fragrance-free, hypoallergenic, and allergy-tested skincare products
•    Spot test all new skincare products and makeups behind the ear for a minimum of three nights before using on your entire face.
There is an endless variety of skincare routines, products, and treatment modalities that are promoted for effective skin maintenance. However, not all techniques or products are successful for all skin types.  However, regardless of the type of skin and your level of sensitivity, high quality microdermabrasion performed once in a day, right at home is the most effective skincare maintenance treatment for conditions such as age spots, skin discolorations, wrinkles, and even acne.

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