Problems & Solutions


General Information

Who doesn’t want to have perfectly clear skin to look younger and fresher? That’s right, there is no one that doesn’t want that. Unfortunately though, there are more than a few skin problems that plague both men and women that prevent us from looking our best. Luckily however, with the right face skin maintenance, you can treat and eliminate practically all of your skin issues.

You can remove skin discoloration, remove age spots, remove acne scars, remove crows’ feet, hyper-pigmentation, and even treat sun damaged skin. All you need to do is identify the various skincare problems you have, and then apply the solutions to treat them with the best skin care available.

To facilitate that process, here we’re talking about the most common skincare problems and how they affect black skin. That’s not all though, we’re also providing preventing techniques and treatment ideals for every single one of them.

Read on to find out more.

Sun Damage and Aging Skin

Fine lines, wrinkles, loose hanging skin, increased dryness, along with yellowing skin are some of the most common skin problems that plague both men and women, equally. While these problems are often said to be signs of natural aging, visible only as we grow older, are in truth the evident result of the expedited skin aging as a result of prolonged sun exposure and sun damage.

It has been found that UV exponentially speeds up the natural aging process. The sun’s ultraviolet UV rays slow the cell renewal process that allows dead cells to slough off the top layer of the skin, resulting in skin that appear dull and lifeless.

Over time, continued exposure to the sun leads to a weakened elastin and collagen, both of which are responsible for our skin’s ability to stretch, recoil, and stay firm in structure, respectively. While the immediate side-effects of sun damage are only skin tans, burns or blisters that go away in a few hours, or days, the long term effects do not appear until years later.

Fortunately for all of us though, dermatologists are of the opinion that 70 to 80 percent of all visible signs of aging can be easily prevented by limiting the exposure to the sun. Here’s how:


Prevent sun damage:

  • Avoid exposure to the sun during peak hours (between 10 a.m and 3 p.m)
  • Wear protective clothing when you are under direct sun: a hat, long-sleeved shirt, and sunglasses
  • Walk under an umbrella if you can or find shelter under shade
  • Regularly wear sunscreen that has SPF 30 or higher, and reapply as directed.
To treat sun damage:
  • Exfoliate the skin on a regular basis
  • Look for products with retinoids, peptides, hyaluronic acid, hexamdine, and antioxidants such as Co-enzyme 10, coffee berry extract, and soy extract to create an effective sun care and anti-aging regimen.

Acne and Acne Scarring

Possibly the most common of all skin problems is acne. And contrary to popular belief, pubescent acne, caused by hormonal changes in the body is not the only kind that affects us.

Acne is a condition that causes pimples, or pustules when sebaceous glands in the skin are overstimulated and become overactive and produce more oil than necessary. This leads to the follicles becoming plugged with it and the dirt that’s trapped in the oil, resulting in blackheads which eventually become inflamed.

Teenagers, women that are days before starting their menstrual cycles, pregnant women, as well as people taking certain medications are especially susceptible to acne outbreaks. Other factors that can cause acne include irritant exposure, stress, humidity, and profuse sweating.


Choose the right products:
  • Pay close attention to personal hygiene; wash your face regularly – though not too much because it can cause flare-ups to worsen.
  • Be conscious of your diet. Avoid caffeine heavy food and drink items, as well as extra greasy and oily junk foods.
  • Avoid leaving skincare products on your face for extended periods of time. Wash them off.
  • Do not pick or squeeze blemishes
  • Do not roughly scrub your face – it can cause scarring
  • Opt for mineral makeup over heavy foundation 
Follow a simple skincare regimen:
  • Use products that are labeled ‘water-based’, ‘non-comedogenic’, ‘non-acnegenic’.
  • Use products that contain benzoyl peroxide, or salicyclic acid as the active ingredient.
  • Gently exfoliate your skin daily
  • For severe cases of acne, consult a dermatologist.


Discoloration, brownish patches, or darkened spots on the skin is what defines the condition of hyper-pigmentation. A skin problem that is more common in people of color, or those with more deeper skin tones, hyper-pigmentation is caused by the over production of Melanin, a substance produced by the Mealocytes in the top most layer of the skin which is responsible for giving the skin it’s color.

Although harmless, hyper-pigmented spots can appear on the hands, legs, feet, face and neck and can be a source of discomfort for cosmetic or aesthetic reasons. They can be caused by a variety of conditions such as pregnancy, Addison’s disease, smoking, the use of certain drugs and prescribed medications, and even due to prolonged sun exposure. Squeezing or popping pimples can also cause dark spots to appear in people of color.


  • Limit your exposure to the sun
  • Gently exfoliate your skin on a daily basis with Refreshen Microdermabrasion Cream to reduce discoloration and even out complexion
  • Use a moisturizer and sunscreen that is UV protectant and has an SPF 30 or higher. 

  • Use products with kojic acid, alpha hydroxyl acids, azelaic acid, and licorice extract in over-the-counter strengths.
  • In case of severe cases of hyperpigmentation, see a dermatologist.

Large Pores

Pores are basically the tiny opening in the surface of our skin connected to our sebaceous glands that produce and release moisturizing oils or sebum. These pores cover the entirety of our skin surface, however, there are times when the pores enlarge and become visibly apparent leading to an unsightly skin surface. In some cases, the size of pores is dictated by your genetics, but more often than not it’s the entrapment of dirt, dead cells, makeup, and pollen and of course oils that leads to the pores growing in size..


  • Regular washing and cleansing of the skin
  • Removal of makeup using a makeup remover
  • Use of a toner after exfoliation
  • Exfoliate the skin on a daily basis with Refreshen Microdermabrasion Cream to thoroughly deep clean the pores to remove the collection of dead cells and oils.
  • In extreme cases, consult a dermatologist for effective treatments

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