Irritation of the skin as seen in shaving hair or pimple squeezing are also common causes of hyper pigmentation and this is also treatable. Stop shaving, pimple squeezing and use REFRESHEN African American microdermabrasion cream which will also prevent your pores from clogging. Clogged pours combined with hormonal activity are the most common causes of intermittent acne blemishes. Even acne will become a thing of the past. There are so many benefits to regular daily REFRESHEN treatments that you actually have to try it to believe it.
Hydroquinone-based products are not recommended in the treatment of hyper pigmented skin. You will find REFRESHEN microdermabrasion to be way-more effective and provide a far more complete healing and renewing of your skin. You can see the difference right away, it is not subtle.
Almost every single one of us suffers from some sort of skin related issues at one point or another in our lives. There are all kinds of disorders that tend to affect us, ranging from acne, to eczema, keloids, wrinkles, fine lines, Vitiligo, skin tags, urticaria and so much more. Not to mention the various signs of aging and sun damage. However, today, our topic of discussion is Hyper-pigmentation, what is it, its common causes, how it affects people of color and the possible treatment choices. Hyperpigmentation, as the word itself suggests, refers to an increased or over production of the skin’s pigment causing compound, melanin, in singular or multiple spots across the skin’s surface.
Quite a common condition, hyperpigmentation is usually considered harmless and is characterized by dark spots or patches found of different areas of the body such as the face, hands and feet.
Types of Hyperpigmentation and Common Causes
Essentially, there are two basic types of hyper-pigmentation: Hormonal, and Post-inflammatory Hyper-pigmentation. They are described as follows.
Hormonal imbalances within the body are known to cause more than a few changes and are reflected in various ways. One of them is hyper-pigmentation of the skin. Hormonal imbalances can be due to a variety of reasons, some of which include weight gain, genetically predisposed hormonal conditions, the use of contraceptives and birth-control pills and more. Usually, hormonally induced hyperpigmentation presents itself as Melasma which is essentially a clearly demarcated, symmetrical patches of hyperpigmentation. When it occurs due to hormonal devices such as contraceptive pills or it is called Melasma. Pregnancy can also induce hyper-pigmentation which is known as Chloasma.
Post Inflammatory Hyper-Pigmentation
PIH or Post-inflammatory Hyper-Pigmentation is a condition that occurs when our skin reacts adversely to any sort of damage or injury. When injured, the body’s natural, protective response is to induce inflammation. This inflammation, when it occurs in the skin, causes the Melanocytes to over-produce melanin. This results in hyper-pigmented dark patches because this production of Melanin is not uniform. The causative agents of this inflammation and trauma to the skin are very diverse. Some of the more common ones are:
Medication Induced Hyper-Pigmentation
– various medicines such as Antibiotics, diuretics, hormone medications, antimalarial, chemotherapy drugs, tetracycline’s, anti-diabetic drugs, as well as hypertension medicines are all known to cause hyperpigmentation.
Systematic Syndrome Linked Hyper-Pigmentation- a number of systematic diseases, conditions, and syndromes are thought to cause hyper-pigmentation. They include Cirrhosis, Addison ’s disease, Hemochromatosis, Chromosome 14 Trisomy and Scleroderma, Whipple’s Disease, and more.
Long-term Sun Exposure
can cause hyper-pigmentation known as lentigenes, which are flat, often rounded dark sports that appear on the hands, or face. They are also known as “age spots”.
Photosensitivity, tanning, photo-dermatitis which is a sun rash also cause hyperpigmentation
Irritant induced hyperpigmentation
is the kind that happens when the skin is exposed to irritants such as harsh chemicals or exfoliants
Hyper-Pigmentation and People of Color
Hyper-pigmentation is a condition that can affect pretty much any individual on the planet, regardless of their race or ethnicity. However, as noted above people of color are particularly prone to hyper-pigmentation because there is a greater quantity of Melanin in the skin.
Melanin is the chemical compound which essentially determines the color of all our skins. The greater the number of Melanin producing cells in our body, the more Melanin is produced, and hence the darker our skin tones. This particular compound provides protection to the skin from the sun and it’s also responsible for slowing down the appearance of various signs of aging. However, when the cells producing melanin, or the Melanocytes, are distressed, over stimulated, or damaged, they can produce excess amounts of the compound which can appear as darkened patches or spots on the skin. Because people of color already have a considerable quantity of Melanin producing cells in their bodies, they are more likely to suffer from black-skin hyper-pigmentation than their lighter-toned counterparts.
What should you do about it?
There are many types of treatments that can make you look younger, and remove skin discolorations. They range from extensive chemical peels, bleaching with hydroquinone or other active ingredients, retinoid containing products, or even laser therapies.
However, most of these anti-pigmenting dermatological treatments are known to cause damage to your skin that far outweighs any benefits. The problem is that many of these products are very harsh on the skin. They will end up making you look ‘better’ for a few days, but continued use of them will result in damage. Your skin may start losing its natural glow, and it can start looking aged.
There is one particular product that not only reduces the undesirable color changes of our skin, but one that also smoothens your skin to give it a healthy, even-toned glow. The product is Refreshen Microdermabrasion.
Home Microdermabrasion is a cosmetic procedure which involves the use of a cream that contains microcrystals which provide gentle stimulation and abrasive action to remove the dead skin cells; effectively scrubbing away the unsightly surface pigmentation and dark spots. Home Microdermabrasion is the safest most effective home procedure, especially created for darker skin-tones to carefully reduce the signs of aging and skin damage.